Ubuntu: Connecting to office printer (Xerox WorkCentre 5955i) with Xerox Standard Accounting

I had a problem connecting to the printer in my department’s office at the University of Oregon, so here is a guide for my future self and others. I tried looking at posts on UbuntuForums, StackExchange, and the Xerox Support forums, but I mostly spent time in a rabbit hole of editing the driver and .ppd file myself. That never worked, so try this first.

My operating system is Linux (Ubuntu 16.04)
$ uname -a
Linux lumen 4.15.0-65-generic #74~16.04.1-Ubuntu SMP Wed Sep 18 09:51:44 UTC 2019 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

The printer is a Xerox WorkCentre 5955i with accounting enabled (Xerox Standard Accounting). Accounting is a system configured on the printer by the department to track who is printing how much, but it seems this causes all sorts of problems connecting to the printer, even for Windows and Mac users.

First, Google the drivers. The first link in this picture is the one I clicked:

Change the operating system to “Linux” in the dropdown.

Select the driver you want based on your operating system. I used the second option shown, “Linux Intel Driver .DEB x86 64”.

1. Accept the license agreement.
2. Click on the downloaded .deb once it is done. I used Chrome, so the file opened in Ubuntu Software when I clicked on it.

In Ubuntu Software, the driver should be called “xeroxprtdrv”. Click “Install”.

Authenticate with your root password if necessary.

1. Once the driver is installed, open a terminal and run the command “xeroxprtmgr” as root.
2. The Xerox Printer Manager GUI will open. For me it often took a while and looked like it had frozen, but resist the temptation to just kill it and try something else. Click on the button with two downward-pointing triangles.

The “Install Printers” dialog will open. Click on the button that looks like a little menu and select “Manual Install”.

The “Queue Settings” dialog will open.
Fill out “Queue Name” (with any string you want to nickname the printer). Select the “Printer Model” (here, “Xerox WorkCentre 5955”).
“Connection Type” should be “TCP/IP (Workstation to Printer)”.
“IP/DNS” should be the printer’s IP address given to you by the department or IT or whoever.
Click “OK”.

Back in the main window of Xerox Printer Manager, you should see the printer you just added. Select it and click the button that looks like a little menu. Select “Queue Preferences”. If it hangs, just wait for it. The “Queue Settings” option will reopen the window you were just in, in case you want to edit those settings.

The dialog named “Xerox WorkCentre 5945/5955 PS” (or whatever printer you are using) should appear. Click on the “Configuration” tab.

Click the “Accounting” button.

“Accounting System” should be “Xerox Standard Accounting”.
I set “Accounting Prompt” to “Always Prompt” so I would get a prompt to enter my user ID, rather than having it put into a config file and sending me down some future rabbit hole again.
I unchecked “Mask User ID” and “Mask Account ID” because I hate password masking, and my ID for this is just a default anyway.
I left “Default User ID” blank.
“Default Account Type” should be “Default Group Account”.
I left “Default Account ID” blank.
So I guess I didn’t change much in this dialog, so perhaps this step is unnecessary. But whatever.

Go make something to print as a test. I created a LibreOffice Writer document containing the text “asdf”. I also recommend this PDF. Print it, and select your printer’s nickname in the dialog. Here mine is “uoling”.

A dialog named “Xerox WorkCentre 5945/5955 PS” (or whatever printer you’re using) will appear. This looks VERY SIMILAR to one you have seen previously, but it lacks the “Configuration” tab. Click “Print”.

The “Accounting” dialog should appear. Here you will enter your user ID given to you by your department or IT or whoever. In my case, “Account ID” should be left blank and “Account Type” should be “Default Group Account”. Click “OK”.

Your document should print!

How to Pronounce Long Numbers Quickly

In college I worked part-time in the university’s finance office, and often I would have to hold an account number of 5 or more digits in short-term memory as I went from the computer to a filing cabinet. For example, I read a purchase request for account 45749, realized I needed a physical file, then walked over to the cabinet to begin looking for that account number. The numbers all looked pretty similar, so I would be trying to find this account among a group like {47459, 49557, 44759, 94570, 45537, etc.}. Most of the time I could remember the number without any issues, and the first and last digits were very hard to forget, but out in the middle things got harder. If I messed up, I had to go back to the computer and try again. A reasonable person might decide to write down the number on a sticky note or something, but I had an idea that sounded more fun.

I assigned phonetic values to each digit as though they were letters (this post uses IPA for the number pronunciations). Many of them are based on similarities in shape, as well as pre-existing associations from “calculator words” like “07734” for “hello”. So I started off with these simple correspondences:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
o i   e h s   l b

2 looks like “z”, but I decided to use “t” for the word “two”, and similarly I used “n” for “nine”. 6 looks like a capital G, so I chose “g”, but got tripped up a lot at the beginning since 9 looks like a lowercase “g”. I eventually got used to it, though, so the original system looked like this:

number     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
consonant      t   h s g l b n
vowel      o i   e

This worked as a proof of concept. The account numbers could now be memorized as nonsense words (much easier for me to remember than strings of digit names). Here are the ones mentioned above:

45749 47459 49557 44759 94570 45537
hslhn hlhsn hnssl hhlsn nhslo hssel

While this was possible through liberal use of syllabic consonants, clearly I needed more vowels and some euphony. The system has undergone several changes since then, but I’ll omit those and just present the current version.

number     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
consonant  ʃ j d θ f s g l b n
vowel      o i y e a u ɤ ɯ ø æ
prefers    V n C V V n C C C C

I memorized the digits by counting: “ʃo çi dy θe fa , su gɤ lɯ bø næ”.
As you can see, each digit is now not only either a consonant or a vowel, but can serve as both depending on what is most comfortable. Each has naturally developed a preference for being a consonant or a vowel (1 and 5 have no preference either way), and this generally tries to avoid vowels other than [a e i o u].
Short numbers should alternate vowels and consonants if possible, but any configuration that is comfortable is acceptable. For example, “4938” can be “fæðø” or “anem”, and I find the latter to be much easier to pronounce. The account numbers now have these preferred pronunciations:

45749 47459 49557 44759 94570 45537
aslan alawn ansul falun naslo fuzel

There is some allophony as well, some of which is already seen above. All plosives are voiced by default but can also be voiceless, usually word-finally or when bordering a fricative. /b/ and /g/ can be their corresponding nasals, usually only word-finally. /d/ does not do this because it would interfere with /n/, so instead it can become [ɾ] intervocalically or word-finally. Fricatives are voiceless by default but can become voiced, usually intervocalically. Nasals and /l/ used to be able to be syllabic, but I have largely done away with this in favor of vowels. The high vowels can also act as semivowels in vowel sequences but nowhere else, so I omit [ɥ ɰ w] but include [j], which is the primary consonant phoneme for its digit unlike the other three. Sequences of two of the same digit can be a long vowel or geminated consonant, although I generally avoid this.
The full details of allophony:

0: /ʃ/
[ʒ] intervocalically
[ʃ] otherwise

0: /o/
[o ~ o̞ ~ ɔ] in free variation

1: /j/
[ç ~ ʝ] when bordering [i], voiced intervocalically and voiceless otherwise
[j] otherwise

1: /i/ – [i] always

2: /d/
[t] when bordering a voiceless consonant, usually a fricative, or sometimes word-finally
[ɾ] intervocalically or word-finally (preferred over [t])
[d] otherwise

2: /y/ – [y] always

3: /θ/
[ð] intervocalically
[θ] otherwise

3: /e/
[e ~ e̞ ~ ɛ] in free variation

4: /f/
[h] in free variation with [f], usually word-initially and rarer otherwise
[v] intervocalically
[f] otherwise

4: /a/ – [a] always

5: /s/
[z] intervocalically
[s] otherwise

5: /u/ – [u] always

6: /g/
[k] when bordering a voiceless consonant, usually a fricative, or sometimes word-finally
[ŋ] word-finally (preferred over [k])
[g] otherwise

6: /ɤ/
[ɤ ~ ɤ̞ ~ ʌ] in free variation

7: /l/
[l ~ ɫ] in free variation, probably conditioned by nearby vowels but I haven’t paid much attention to my habits here

7: /ɯ/ – [ɯ] always

8: /b/
[p] when bordering a voiceless consonant, usually a fricative, or sometimes word-finally
[m] word-finally (preferred over [p])
[b] otherwise

8: /ø/
[ø ~ ø̞ ~ œ] in free variation

9: /n/ – [n] always (must avoid assimilation with consonants to remain distinct from /b/ and /g/, so usually forces neighboring numbers to be vowels)

9: /æ/ – [æ] always

There is probably a simpler or more intuitive system for this, and maybe this doesn’t need to exist at all, but I enjoy converting numbers to words and vice versa:
Chicago = 016460 (aspiration not marked)
librarians = 74182321395
geri dönüyorsunuz (“y’all are returning” in Turkish) = 6321 289210255955

I’d like to make a conlang using these phonemes (i.e., treating them as 10 phonemes, not 20) so that paradigms could have forms sounding completely different depending on the affixes used. For example, suppose a stem “826” can be inflected by the prefixes [“1” “2” “3”]. The results would be:

1-826 = ibyŋ ~ ibɾɤ (preference nCCC, so one of 2 or 6 should be a vowel)
2-826 = døɾɤ (preference CCCC, so two of them should be vowels, and CVCV is preferred over VCVC or other configurations)
3-826 = ebyŋ (preference VCCC, so 2 should be a vowel since CV alternation is preferred)

Wouldn’t it be super fun to have to learn that “døɾɤ” and “ebyŋ” are from the same stem, and that “ibyŋ” and “ibɾɤ” are the same word?? This is one of my favorite bad ideas for a language so far.

But to go back to the original purpose, I have legitimately found this method useful for memorizing long numbers in a short amount of time. Phone numbers, account numbers, ZIP codes, you name it. I once memorized someone’s transit card number (16 digits in 4 groups of 4) using this, and I still can’t get rid of that now-long-term memory.

Maybe someone else will find this useful, but I wouldn’t bet on it.